Human stem cell-derived neuron

A Phase I/Ib, Open-Label, Dose-Escalation Study of RMC-5552 Monotherapy in Adult Subjects with Recurrent Glioblastoma


This is a single-center Phase I/Ib study in recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) to establish a recommended phase 2 dose of the drug RMC-522 in GBM participants. This study will also evaluate safety and antitumor effect of the drug in this patient population.

The PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway is a crucial player in the development and progression of GBM. Aberrant activation of this pathway plays a pivotal role in the regulation of tumor cell survival, proliferation, motility, angiogenesis and metabolism in a variety of cancers, and is believed to be a dominant driver of resistance to anticancer therapies. RMC-5552 is a potent and selective inhibitor of mTORC1, a protein complex that regulates cell growth and metabolism.

Inclusion Criteria

For Cohort A and C (non-surgical):

  1. Participants must have histologically or cytologically confirmed 1st recurrence GBM that has recurred or progressed (per standard RANO criteria) after standard treatment regimen (surgery and radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy or +/- Tumor treating fields therapy (TTF), +/- concordant investigational agent)
  2. Participants have confirmed measurable disease per RANO criteria

For Cohort B (surgical):

  1. Participants must have 1st recurrence of GBM that has recurred or progressed (per standard RANO criteria) after standard treatment regimen (surgery and radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy) or +/- Tumor treating fields therapy (TTF), +/- concordant investigational agent) and be a candidate for repeat resection per standard of care
  2. Participants are planning to have routine surgery for resection of brain tumors.
  3. Confirmed measurable disease per RANO prior to surgical resection.
  4. Archival tissue available in the form of a formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded block (sample derived from the diagnostic tumor). If this is not possible, 20 slides of freshly prepared unstained 4-5 μm sections from the archival tumor block.

For all Cohorts (A, B, and C):

  1. Participants must have completed adjuvant radiation therapy at least 12 weeks before starting treatment with RMC-5552.
  2. Participants must have completed treatment with chemotherapy or tyrosine kinase inhibitors at least 2 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) before starting treatment with RMC-5552.
    1. For nitrosourea and mitomycin C, Participants must have completed treatment at least 6 weeks before first dose of RMC-5552.
  3. Participants must have completed treatment with biologics/monoclonal antibodies, hormonal therapy, and immunotherapy at least 4 weeks before starting treatment with RMC-5552.
  4. Participants must be age ≥18 years.
  5. Participants must have an ECOG performance status less than 2 or Karnofsky Performance >70.
  6. Participants must have a life expectancy > 12 weeks.
  7. Participants must demonstrate adequate organ function 14 days before starting treatment with RMC-5552 as defined below:
    1. Adequate bone marrow function:
      1. Absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL
      2. Platelets ≥100,000/mcL
    2. Adequate hepatic function:
      1. Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits, unless elevated due to Gilbert’s syndrome and direct bilirubin is within normal limits
      2. AST (SGOT) ≤3 X institutional upper limit of normal
      3. ALT (SGPT) ≤3 X institutional upper limit of normal
    3. Adequate renal function:
      1. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x within institutional upper limit of normal OR
      2. Creatinine clearance GFR ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault equation, unless data exists supporting safe use at lower kidney function values, no lower than 30 mL/min/1.73 m2
  8. Participants must have recovered from all toxicities/adverse events from prior anticancer therapy to Grade 1 or within normal limits or baseline grade (per CTCAE v.5), except for the following:
    1. Alopecia
    2. Grade 2 prior peripheral neuropathy
    3. Grade 2 anemia
    4. Grade 2 lymphopenia, for participants with prior temozolomide therapy
  9. Participants with hypothyroidism must be on a stable dose of thyroid replacement therapy for at least 60 days prior to enrollment.
  10. Participants must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  11. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals on effective antiretroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial.
  12. For participants with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated.
  13. Participants with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For individuals with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load.
  14. Female participants of childbearing potential and male participants with female partners of childbearing potential must agree to always use highly effective forms of contraception during the course of the study and for at least 3 months after completion of study intervention. Contraceptive use by men and women should be consistent with local regulations regarding the methods of contraception for those participating in clinical studies. Female participants of childbearing potential must have a negative blood pregnancy test within 14 days of commencement of study intervention. Male participants must refrain from donating sperm during the course of the study and for at least 3 months after completion of study intervention.
Exclusion Criteria
  1. Participants who have received treatment with anti-tumor therapy (approved or experimental) within 4 weeks prior to initiation of RMC-5552.
  2. Participants with any prior treatment with an mTOR or PI3K inhibitor.
  3. Participants with any contraindication to MRI examinations.
  4. Participants with any of the following cardiovascular abnormalities:
    1. Medically uncontrolled hypertension (eg, ≥ 160 mm Hg systolic or ≥ 100 mm Hg diastolic)
    2. Acute coronary syndrome (eg, unstable angina, coronary artery stenting or angioplasty, bypass grafting) within the previous 6 months
    3. History of or current uncontrolled clinically significant unstable arrhythmias. Note: Participants who have pacemakers to control atrial arrhythmias are candidates or the study. Participants with medically controlled atrial fibrillation > 1 month prior to first dose of RMC-5552 are eligible.
    4. History of congenital long QT syndrome or prolonged QT interval corrected with Fridericia’s method (QTcF) > 480 ms (unless a pacemaker is in place)
    5. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below the institutional lower limit of normal or less than 50%, whichever is lower
    6. Symptomatic congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association Class II or higher
  5. Participants with active, clinically significant interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis.
  6. Participants with abnormal fasting glucose (a fasting blood glucose level greater than or equal to 100 mg/dL), type 1 diabetes, or uncontrolled type 2 diabetes are excluded. Note: Participants with type 2 diabetes with hemoglobin A1C less than 8%, fasting blood glucose ≤130 mg/dL, and fasting triglycerides ≤300 mg/dL with no modifications in hormonal or pharmacologic management may be eligible after discussion with the Sponsor-Investigator.
  7. Participants with an active infection requiring systemic therapy within 72 hours of the first dose of RMC-5552.
  8. Participants with known active severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
  9. Participants with active, untreated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (CD4+ T-cell counts ≤ 350 cells/μL and presence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining opportunistic infections in the past 12 months. Note: Antiretroviral therapy is permitted but must not conflict with other study restrictions and subject must be on an established treatment for at least 28 days, and have an HIV viral load less than 400 copies/mL prior to enrollment).
  10. Participants with active or chronic hepatitis B (positive for hepatitis B surface antigen with detected hepatitis B virus) or C (positive for hepatitis C ribonucleic acid [RNA]).
  11. Participants with a history of severe allergic reaction to any of the study intervention components.
  12. Participants planning on major surgery within 3 months prior to their first dose of RMC-5552 (except the standard of care tumor resection for Cohort B participants). In all cases, the participant must be sufficiently recovered and stable before study intervention administration.
  13. Participants with stomatitis or mucositis of any grade.
  14. Participants with any known unstable or clinically significant concurrent medical condition (eg, substance abuse, uncontrolled intercurrent illness including active infection, symptomatic arterial thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism, etc.) that would, in the opinion of the investigator, jeopardize the safety of a subject, have an impact on their expected survival through the end of the study participation, and/or affect their ability to comply with the protocol.
  15. Participants receiving specific oncologic therapies are excluded:
    1. History of treatment with approved or experimental mTOR and/or PI3K inhibitors
    2. Treatment with chemotherapy or tyrosine kinase inhibitor within 14 days or 5 half-lives (for nitrosourea and mitomycin C within 6 weeks) of RMC-5552, whichever is longer
    3. Treatment with biologics/monoclonal antibodies or hormonal therapy within 28 days of the initiation of trial therapy.
    4. Treatment with radiation therapy within 14 days of starting treatment with RMC-5552.
    5. Treatment with immunotherapy (eg, checkpoint inhibitors) within 28 days of starting treatment with RMC-5552.
    6. Treatment with any other anticancer treatment within 28 days of starting treatment with RMC-5552.
  16. Treatment with any other investigational drugs (excluding COVID-19 vaccines) within 28 days of starting treatment with RMC-5552.
  17. Participants that require medication that is known to prolong QTc interval.
  18. Participants that require treatment with a medication that is a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 inducer and/or time-dependent strong CYP3A4 inhibitor.
  19. Female participants who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  20. Participants with clinically significant history of liver disease, including viral or other hepatitis, current alcohol abuse or cirrhosis.
  21. Participants with unresolved toxicity from prior therapy with the exception of lymphopenia (for participants with prior temozolomide) and alopecia.
  22. Participants diagnosed with infratentorial GBM, a tumor outside of brain, or gliomatosis cerebri.
  23. Participants with a prior history of (less than 5 years ago) or concurrent malignancy are excluded. Note: Exceptions include prior malignancies considered to be clinically insignificant and for which no systemic anti-cancer treatment is required (eg, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin post-curative surgical resection; carcinoma in situ of the cervix post-curative surgical resection). Approval from the PI is required for exceptions.
  24. Participants with a history of cerebrovascular stroke within the previous 6 months or transient ischemic attack within the previous 3 months.

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